It can be hard to cure sore throat if you already have it for quite sometimes.
Once you get a sore throat, it is important to cure it fast.
Below symptoms means that your sore throat already becomes worse and need to be treated immediately.
- Swollen tonsils
- Painful when swallowing
- Coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose
- Lost your voice
In this article, I’m going to show you the best natural cure for sore throats that can relieve your pain.
Let’s dive in!
1. What Is Sore Throat?
Sore throat is something we’ve all had before.
Even though it’s usually not that bad, we don’t feel better about it.
A sore throat can be annoying and the irritating itch can have a huge impact on how you feel.
It’s not dangerous but it can make your life difficult!
Yes, you heard that right.
First, it hurt.
Then, you will have a hard time eating and talking.
Even a sore throat is very irritating, it’s not difficult to get rid of it if you know the right ways to do it.
In this article, I explain how you can know symptoms of sore throat and what you can do to cure it.
2. Symptoms of Sore Throat
There are various symptoms of a sore throat. Some of them are as below:
- Itchy throat
- Pain when swallow or talk
- Having difficulty swallowing
- Sore or swollen glands in your neck or jaw
- Swollen, red tonsils
- Muted voice
2.1 When Should You Go See Doctor?
See your doctor immediately if your child has one or more of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing
- Uncommon drooling, which may be a sign of the inability to swallow
If you are an adult, go to your doctor if you have a sore throat and one of the following problems occurs:
- A severe sore throat, or if it lasts longer than a week
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
- Trouble opening mouth
- Joint Pain
- Fever higher than 39 degrees
- Blood in mucus or spit
- Hoarseness or abnormal voice change that lasts longer than two weeks
3. Causes of Sore Throat
Most of the time sore throats caused by viral infections.
3.1 Viral Infections
There are a few types of viral infection that cause sore throats.
Viral infections that cause a sore throat are:
3.2 Bacterial Infections
There are a few bacterial infections that can cause sore throat.
But, the main ones are:
Allergies to pet dander, mold, dust and pollen can cause sore throats.
The symptom will get worse if you have runny nose.
Which can irritate your throat and cause a burning sensation.
Dry air inside, especially when buildings are heated, can make your throat feel dry and itchy.
This usually happens if you wake up in the morning.
Breathing through your mouth, usually due to chronic nasal congestion – can also cause a dry throat and sore throat.
Irritants can also cause sore throat.
Some examples are:
- Air pollution
- Drinking alcohol
- Eating spicy food
3.3.4 Muscle Strain
Another cause of sore throat is a muscle strain.
Yelling, talking loudly or talking for a long time without rest can hurt your throat muscles.
This also lead to a sore throat.
3.3.5 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
GERD is a digestive disorder where your stomach acid and other stomach contents come up into the esophagus.
GERD symptoms are:
- Heart pain
- Rising heartburn
- Feeling a lump in your throat
3.3.6 HIV Infection
Sore throat and other flu-like symptoms sometimes appear soon after someone infected with HIV.
Additionally, a person who is HIV-positive may have a chronic or repeated sore throat.
This is due to a secondary infection which is a fungal infection.
It is a common infection that can be serious for people that have a weak immune system.
Throat, tongue or larynx tumors can also cause sore throats.
It has symptoms such as:
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Noisy breathing
- A lump in your throat
- Blood in your spit or mucus
4. Factors To Get Sore Throat
Although anyone can get a sore throat, some factors make you more vulnerable, such as:
Children and teenagers are the easiest to get a sore throat.
4.2 Exposure to Cigarette Smoke
This because they are very easy to get infected by a common bacterial infection called, strep throat.
Whether you are smoking or passive smoking, both can irritate the throat.
The tobacco in the cigarette increases the risk of cancer to your mouth and throat.
If you have allergies to dust, fungi or pet dander then the chances to get sore throats is high.
4.4 Sinus Infections
Blowing mucus from your nose can irritate your throat and spread infections.
4.5 Exposure to Chemical Irritants
Throat irritation can happen if the air you breath has dust or household chemicals like mosquito spray, etc.
4.6 Compact Spaces
Viral and bacterial infections spread easily in compact or crowded places.
- In your workplaces
- Childcare centers
- Buses or airplanes
4.7 Weak Immune System
You are most vulnerable to infections if you have a weak immune system.
The weak immune system happens if you have HIV, diabetes, treatment with steroids or chemotherapy drugs, stress, fatigue, and a poor diet.
5. How To Cure Sore Throat
OK, we have had the scientific details.
Now let continue with the topic that you come here for – the best home remedies to get rid of that nasty sore throat.
5.1 Drink A Lot of Water
The best way to cure sore throat is to rinse it with water.
Drinking a lot of water helps liquid flowing your throat smoothly and can lighten the irritation.
Water is the best and also the most important treatment for sore throat.
Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water a day to avoid getting a sore throat.
Water also flushes out all possible bacteria that can cause you certain diseases.
5.1.1 Cure Sore Throat with Warm Water, Honey, Lime, And Cayenne
Water is not the only liquid that helps cure sore throats.
You can boost or fasten the result by adding honey and lime to warm water.
Honey shields your throat which can reduce cough and the burning feeling that you have.
Vitamin C in lime is perfect to boost your immune system and help shrink swollen tissue.
Adding a bit of cayenne also helps because it contains capsaicin.
Capsaicin is from chili peppers. It can help relieve your pain to the burning throat.
This solution used for years against colds and sore throats.
5.2 Gargle with Warm Saltwater
As one of the oldest methods, gargling with warm saltwater is another effective way to cure sore throat.
The reason you get a dry and itchy throat is that the mucous membranes in this area become swollen or irritated.
This happens because your body produces extra mucus in your throat.
The swelling is uncomfortable and it is necessary to remove these mucous membranes to reduce irritation.
Saltwater assists to remove water from the irritated mucous membranes, which helps to reduce swelling and makes your throat feel better.
5.2.1 How To Prepare Gargling Saltwater For Sore Throat
Making gargling saltwater is easy and all you need are:
- A cup of warm water
- 1/2 teaspoon of salt
- Add the salt into warm water
- Stir it until the salt completely dissolves
This mixed has a great potential to help cure your sore throat.
How to use it
- You should gargle with this mix for about 30 seconds
- Ensure the saltwater reaches all irritated areas
- Move your head back and make sure the water reaches the back of your throat
- Do this up to three times a day
*There is a good chance that your throat will become too dry from all that salt. Which will increase the irritation.
So, make sure you drink a lot of water.
5.3 Mustard Seed
Mustard seed powder is one of the best natural remedies and used for many diseases.
Do you have a sore throat with coughing pains in your chest?
Well…mustard seed can help reduce those symptoms and make you feel better without any complicated medications.
Mustard seeds have long been known to improve blood flow in your chest and throat.
5.3.1 How to Use Mustard Seed For Sore Throat
What you need
- A teaspoon of mustard seed powder
- A tablespoon of flour
- Mix half a teaspoon of mustard seed powder with a tablespoon of flour
- Add enough water and make it into a thick paste
- Spread it on a piece of kitchen roll
- Place this entirely on your chest and throat, without the paste touching your skin
- Keep this for 15 minutes until your skin feels warm.
5.4 Drink Licorice Root Tea
Like saltwater, licorice can relief your sore throat by stopping the swelling of mucous membranes.
Some people use licorice drops to combat sore throat, but the degree of licorice in these sweets is not strong enough.
Pure licorice is the best way to maximize the benefits of licorice.
All you need for is a teaspoon of licorice and two cups of water.
Boil this and let it cook for 10 minutes.
Adding a few teaspoons of cinnamon has an even better effect.
Cinnamon contains many antibacterial substances and is a good addition to licorice.
Moreover, a little honey makes it one of the best solutions to cure sore throat.
5.5 Drink Ginger Water
Ginger not only well-known as a remedy to relieve stomach pain, but also contains certain elements to prevent sore throat.
This natural herb is full of medicinal qualities.
It also contains anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce swelling in your throat.
5.5.1 How to Make Ginger Water
- Cut and grate 2.5 centimeters of fresh ginger and put it in a cup
- Pour warm water over it
- Let it steep for 5 minutes
- Then you can drink it
* You can add honey to make it even more effective.
5.6 Warm Compress For Your Throat
Heat works perfectly against sore throat.
A warm compress can reduce irritation.
Pour warm water over a cloth, squeeze the cloth and put it around your throat.
This will takes good care of your pain.
The heat helps to keep the blood circulation going and helps to reduce swelling.
You can also place a bottle of warm water on your throat for a longer effect.
5.7 Make Chicken Soup
Eating chicken soup is a very old remedy to make you feel better.
Sciences have shown that chicken soup has certain properties that strengthen your immune system, fight infection and open your windpipe.
Only homemade chicken soup helps.
So, during the flu and cold seasons you can make a large pan, it can also easily be reheated if you feel sick.
Chicken soup is great to have if you don’t feel well and do not want to eat a meal, but want to eat something substantial to survive and have your body repaired.
5.8 Take a Hot Bath Or Shower
People always ask…
Do hot baths help cure sore throat?
The answer is yes.
The steam from the hot water help reduce swelling and ease the pain of your sore throat.
Breathing in steam through your nose or mouth help the steam enters deep into your throat and nasal passages.
If you want to take a warm bath, add essential oils to the bathwater as a boost to help relieve sore throats.
Peppermint and eucalyptus oil are great choices.
They help relieves sore throat and reduces coughing.
The steam that you need does not necessarily have to be obtained through the bath or shower.
You can also easily boil a large pot of water on the stove.
Once the water boils, turn off the stove and tie a tea towel around your face while you hang your face over the pan.
Breathe in and out of the steam.
You will notice that a lot of dirt comes loose, but you just let it go.
Does not matter. It is the result that is important at the moment. Essential oils or herbs are perfect to add to this.
5.9 Get Enough Rest
The best way to recover from sick is to give your body time to recover by itself.
A sore throat can be a sign for colds or flu.
And enough rest helps your body resist this sickness.
Going to sleep too late and getting up too early will only make the symptoms worse.
Even if you have all kinds of obligations, it’s a good idea to give your body some rest to get rid of that irritating sore throat.
When you feel a sore throat, stop what you are doing and take a rest.
If you cannot take time off from school or work, find time during the day to rest as much as possible.
If you’re lucky and you can take a day off, I recommend taking a nap to help your body recover better than just ‘just’ resting.
Valerian root tea is a perfect sleeping aid.
You can drink it if you have a problem going to sleep.
Besides, there are many other teas available that can help you get a good sleep.
Doing everything to take a rest certainly will help you to overcome the sore throat.
5.10 Avoid Things that Irritate Your Throat
Colds and flu are not the only causes of sore throat.
Many other things can irritate your throat.
Chemicals and strong odors certainly can cause sore throat.
So, it is important to avoid this and make sure to work in a clean environment.
If you use perfumes that have chemicals, consider leaving them for a while.
Or change to organic perfumes.
Cleaning products especially cause a lot of irritation.
And you should always clean with products based on natural sources.
- Bleach is toxic and should only be used if it is really necessary.
- Perfumed detergents and window cleaners containing ammonia also cause sore throats.
It is best to stay away from these irritants to maintain a healthy throat and not irritate your mucous membranes.
Sore throat is a common sickness and in most cases, it will cure by itself after a few days.
But, if you need help to get rid of it fast and safe, you can try one of the above tips.
If after 3 to 5 days your sore throat is not reduced, please immediately consult your doctor to avoid any other problems.